Merle Norman Preventage Firming Defense Creme Normal/Dry Broad Spectrum SPF 15

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Welcome to our explanation of everything that you need to know about Merle Norman Preventage Firming Defense Creme Normal/Dry Broad Spectrum SPF 15. Let’s get started!

  • cruelty-free day moisturizer that contains exfoliants, hyaluronic acid, peptides, retinoid, spf, vitamin c and vitamin e.
  • it doesn't contain any common allergens, fragrances, oils or sulfates.
  • it does contain harsh alcohols, parabens and silicones.
  • it is likely to be good for anti aging, brightening skin, oily skin, scar healing, dark spots and better texture.
  • it is reef safe.
  • it is not fungal acne (malassezia) safe.

This product was submitted by Dot8788 on March 19, 2021

Day Moisturizer American Brand United States

At a glance

Notable Ingredients

Protects From UV Rays (2)
Retinoid
Vitamin C
Vitamin E
Exfoliators
Hyaluronic Acid
Peptides

Benefits

Good For Oily Skin (2)
Redness Reducing
Reduces Irritation
Skin Texture (3)
Reduces Large Pores
Anti-Aging (3)
Dark Spots (2)
Scar Healing (2)
Acne Fighting
Brightening (3)

Concerns

Drying
Irritating (4)
Rosacea (2)
Eczema (5)

Ingredient Info

Click any item below to learn more and view relevant ingredients.
alcohol-free
silicon-free
fragrance-free
sulfate-free
paraben-free
oil-free
fungal-acne safe
reef-safe
eu-allergen-free
vegan
cruelty-free
spf rating
15

Merle Norman Preventage Firming Defense Creme Normal/Dry Broad Spectrum SPF 15 Ingredient List (69)

Octocrylene 9.4% β€’ Butyl Methoxydibenzoylmethane 1.9% β€’ Water β€’ Glycerin β€’ Butyloctyl Salicylate β€’ Diethylhexyl Maleate β€’ Jojoba Esters β€’ Cyclopentasiloxane β€’ C10-30 Cholesterol/Lanosterol Esters β€’ Phenyl Trimethicone β€’ Stearic Acid β€’ Stearyl Alcohol β€’ Glyceryl Polymethacrylate β€’ Propylene Glycol β€’ Biosaccharide Gum-1 β€’ Sorbitan Stearate β€’ Dimethicone β€’ Dipalmitoyl Hydroxyproline β€’ Peg-100 Stearate β€’ Polysorbate 60 β€’ Ppg-20 Methyl Glucose Ether β€’ Hydrolyzed Malt Extract β€’ Tocopheryl Acetate β€’ Caprylyl Glycol β€’ Bis-Ethylhexyl Hydroxydimethoxy Benzylmalonate β€’ Bisabolol β€’ Cetearyl Methicone β€’ Hydrolyzed Elastin β€’ Hamamelis Virginiana Bark/Leaf/Twig Extract β€’ Peg-8 β€’ Alcohol β€’ Triethanolamine β€’ Sorbitol β€’ Lecithin β€’ Collagen Amino Acids β€’ Peg-7m β€’ Carbomer β€’ Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer β€’ Phospholipids β€’ Silica β€’ Calluna Vulgaris Flower Extract β€’ Glycyrrhetinic Acid β€’ Butylene Glycol β€’ Tetrasodium EDTA β€’ Hydrolyzed Rice Protein β€’ Disodium EDTA β€’ Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract β€’ Pvp β€’ Phenoxyethanol β€’ Cucumis Sativus Fruit Extract β€’ Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract β€’ Ruscus Aculeatus Root Extract β€’ Chlorphenesin β€’ Methylisothiazolinone β€’ Hyaluronic Acid β€’ Polyquaternium-24 β€’ Ilex Aquifolium Leaf Extract β€’ Sodium Oleanolate β€’ Sodium Ursolate β€’ Ascorbyl Palmitate β€’ Euphrasia Officinalis Extract β€’ Echinacea Angustifolia Extract β€’ Retinyl Palmitate β€’ Diazolidinyl Urea β€’ Imidazolidinyl Urea β€’ Ci 19140 β€’ Palmitoyl Hexapeptide-12 β€’ Methylparaben β€’ Ci 14700

Ingredients Explained

This product contains 69 ingredients. Click on any ingredient to learn more about it

1
What it does: UV Absorber, UV Filter
Community Rating: Very Disliked

Octocrylene protects skin from sun damage. It absorbs UV-B with peak absorption of 304 nm. It is a common sunscreen ingredient and often paired with avobenzone, a UVA filter. This is because octocrylene stabilizes other sunscreen ingredients by protecting them from degradation when exposed to sunlight. Octocrylene is a photostable ingredient and loses about 10% of SPF in 95 minutes.

Octocrylene also acts as an emollient, meaning it helps skin retain moisture and softens skin. It is oil-soluble and hydrophobic, enhancing water-resistant properties in a product.

Those who are using ketoprofen, a topical anti-inflammatory drug, may experience an allergic reaction when using octocrylene. It is best to speak with a healthcare professional about using sunscreens with octocrylene.

Learn more about Octocrylene
2
What it does: UV Absorber, UV Filter
Community Rating: Very Disliked

Also known as Avobenzone, this ingredient is a chemical sunscreen filter that provides protection in the UV-A range.

Avobenzone is globally approved and is the most commonly used UV-A filter in the world.

Studies have found that avobenzone becomes ineffective when exposed to UV light (it is not photostable; meaning that it breaks down in sunlight). Because of this, formulations that include avobenzone will usually contain stabilizers such as octocrylene.

Avobenzone does not protect against the UV-B range, so it's important to check that the sunscreen you're using contains other UV filters that do!

The highest concentration of avobenzone permitted is 3% in the US, and 5% in the EU.

Learn more about Butyl Methoxydibenzoylmethane
3
What it does: Skin Conditioning, Solvent
Community Rating: Loved

Water. It's the most common cosmetic ingredient of all. You'll usually see it at the top of ingredient lists, meaning that it makes up the largest part of the product.

So why is it so popular? Water most often acts as a solvent - this means that it's there to help dissolve other ingredients into the formulation.

You'll also recognize water as that liquid we all need to stay alive. Talk about multi-purpose! If you see this, drink a glass of water. Stay hydrated!

Learn more about Water
4
What it does: Humectant, Skin Conditioning, Skin Protecting, Solvent
Community Rating: Loved

Glycerin is already naturally found in your skin and helps moisturize and protect your skin. A study from 2016 found glycerin to be more effective as a humectant than AHAs and hyaluronic acid.

Glycerin is a humectant, helping the skin retain moisture by pulling moisture to your skin. The low molecular weight of glycerin allows it to pull moisture into the deeper layers of your skin. Having moisturized skin helps improve the skin barrier. Your skin barrier protects against skin irritants and bacteria.

Glycerin has also been found to have antimicrobial and antiviral properties. Due to these properties, glycerin is often used in wound and burn treatments.

In cosmetics, glycerin is usually derived from plants such as soybean or palm. However, animal sources include tallow. It is organic, colorless, odorless, and non-toxic.

Glycerin is the name for this ingredient in American English while British English uses Glycerol/Glycerine.

Learn more about Glycerin
5
What it does: Skin Conditioning, Solvent

Butyloctyl Salicylate is an emollient and solvent. It helps break down and evenly spread out ingredients.

In sunscreen, Butyloctyl Salicylate is a photostabilizer. This means it helps stabilize UV-filters and prevents them from degrading quickly.

Learn more about Butyloctyl Salicylate
6
What it does: Emollient, Skin Conditioning

We don't have a description for Diethylhexyl Maleate.

7
What it does: Emollient, Moisturising, Skin Conditioning, Soothing
Community Rating: Mixed

Jojoba Esters is a wax created from Jojoba oil. It is an emollient and film-forming ingredient. In bead form, it is an exfoliator.

This ingredient has high oxidative stability, meaning it doesn't break down when exposed to oxygen.

Its similarity to our skin's natural oils makes it a great emollient. Emollients help soften and soothe our skin by creating a barrier on top. This barrier helps trap moisture in, keeping skin hydrated.

It is created using either the hydrogenation or transesterification processes on jojoba oil.

Learn more about Jojoba Esters
8
What it does: Emollient, Skin Conditioning, Solvent
Community Rating: Disliked

Cyclopentasiloxane is a silicone used to improve texture and trap moisture. An easier name for this is D5.

D5 is considered lightweight and volatile. Volatile means it evaporates quickly after application. Once evaporated, D5 leaves a thin barrier that helps keep skin hydrated.

D5 is an emollient. Emollients help soften the skin and prevent water loss. Silicones create a silky texture in products. D5 helps other ingredients become more spreadable.

Studies show D5 is safe to use in skincare products. We recommend speaking with a skincare professional if you have concerns.

Learn more about Cyclopentasiloxane
9
What it does: Emulsifying, Skin Conditioning

We don't have a description for C10-30 Cholesterol/Lanosterol Esters.

10
What it does: Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Disliked

Phenyl Trimethicone is a silicon-based polymer. It is derived from silica.

Phenyl Trimethicone is used as an emollient and prevents products from foaming.

As an emollient, it helps trap moisture in the skin. It is considered an occlusive.

Learn more about Phenyl Trimethicone
11
What it does: Cleansing, Emulsifying, Emulsion Stabilising, Masking
Community Rating: Very Disliked

Stearic Acid is a fatty acid that has many roles within cosmetic products.

As an emollient, stearic acid helps soften skin. It aids the skin's protective barrier by preventing water loss. It also provides a gentle cleansing effect without stripping away natural oils.

Stearic acid may also be used to enhance the texture of products. It can add volume and stabilize ingredients such as water and oil. This can help water and oil ingredients from separating.

Sources of stearic acid include animal or vegetable fats/oils such as coconut or shea. It can be naturally found in butter, cocoa butter, shea butter, vegetable fats, and animal tallow.

Learn more about Stearic Acid
12
What it does: Emollient, Emulsifying, Emulsion Stabilising, Masking
Community Rating: Disliked

Stearyl Alcohol is a type of fatty alcohol from stearic acid. Fatty Alcohols are most often used as an emollient or to thicken a product. Emollients help soothe and hydrate the skin by trapping moisture.

They are usually derived from natural fats and oils and therefore do not have the same drying or irritating effect as traditional alcohols. FDA allows products labeled "alcohol-free" to have fatty alcohols.

Learn more about Stearyl Alcohol

We don't have a description for Glyceryl Polymethacrylate.

14
What it does: Humectant, Skin Conditioning, Solvent
Community Rating: Disliked

Propylene Glycol is an odorless, colorless liquid. As a humectant, it helps skin retain moisture. It also aids in delivering active ingredients, helping other ingredients work better.

It prevents a product from melting or freezing. Propylene glycol also adds antimicrobrial properties to a product, elongating product lifespan.

Propylene Glycol is considered an organic alcohol and commonly added into both cosmetics and foods.

Those with sensitive skin or conditions may deliver a rash when using this ingredient. It is best to consult a professional for advice.

Learn more about Propylene Glycol
15
What it does: Skin Conditioning

Biosaccharide Gum-1 is created from fermented sorbitol. Most sorbitol is usually made from potato starch. It is also found in fruits such as apples and pears.

Biosaccharide Gum-1 is a skin conditioning ingredient and helps moisturize the skin.

Learn more about Biosaccharide Gum-1
16
What it does: Emulsifying

Sorbitan Stearate comes from sorbitol and stearic acid. Sorbitol is a type of sugar and stearic acid is a fatty acid.

Sorbitan Stearate is used as an emulsifier. It helps ingredients stay together by creating water-in-oil emulsions.

Sorbitan Stearate is also used to thicken the texture of products

Learn more about Sorbitan Stearate
17
What it does: Emollient, Skin Conditioning, Skin Protecting
Community Rating: Disliked

Dimethicone is a silicone used for making products smooth and silky. It also has the added benefit of sealing in hydration. The amount of dimethicone found in beauty products is considered safe and non-comedogenic, meaning it won't clog pores.

Dimethicone has been found increase absorption in skin, boosting the benefits of other ingredients. While there is concern for the safety of dimethicone, the levels used in skincare are safe for use.

Learn more about Dimethicone
18
What it does: Skin Conditioning

We don't have a description for Dipalmitoyl Hydroxyproline.

19
What it does:
Community Rating: Very Disliked

Peg-100 Stearate is an emollient and emulsifier. PEGS are a hydrophilic polyether compound . There are 100 ethylene oxide monomers in Peg-100 Stearate. Peg-100 Stearate is polyethylene glycol ester of stearic acid.

Peg-100 Stearate helps keep skin soft by trapping moisture in. It helps prevent oil and water from separating in a product. By binding oil and water, it helps remove dirt and oil to be rinsed away.

Learn more about Peg-100 Stearate
20
What it does: Emulsifying

Polysorbate 60 is used to help stabilize products. It is a surfactant and emulsifier. These properties help keep ingredients together in a product. Surfactants help reduce surface tension between ingredients with different states, such as liquids and solids. Emulsifiers help prevent oils and waters from separating.

Polysorbate 60 is sorbitol-based and created from the ethoxylation of sorbitan. Ethoxylation is a chemical reaction used to add ethylene oxide. Sorbitan is a the dehydrated version of sorbitol, a sugar found in fruits.

In this case, the 60 comes from reacting 60 units of ethylene oxide with sorbitan.

Polysorbates are commonly used in medicine and foods.

Learn more about Polysorbate 60
21
What it does: Skin Conditioning

We don't have a description for Ppg-20 Methyl Glucose Ether.

22
What it does: Skin Conditioning

We don't have a description for Hydrolyzed Malt Extract.

23
What it does: Antioxidant, Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Liked

Tocopheryl Acetate is AKA Vitamin E. It is an antioxidant and protects your skin from free radicals. Free radicals damage the skin by breaking down collagen.

One study found using Tocopheryl Acetate with Vitamin C decreased the number of sunburned cells.

Tocopheryl Acetate is commonly found in both skincare and dietary supplements.

Learn more about Tocopheryl Acetate
24
What it does: Emollient, Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Liked

Caprylyl Glycol is a humectant, meaning it retains and preserves moisture. It is a common ingredient in many products, especially those designed to hydrate skin. The primary benefits are retaining moisture, skin softening, and promoting a healthy skin barrier.

Though Caprylyl Glycol is an alcohol derived from fatty acids, it is not the kind that can dry out skin.

This ingredient is also used as a preservative to extend the life of products.

Learn more about Caprylyl Glycol
25
What it does: Antioxidant, Skin Conditioning, Skin Protecting

Bis-Ethylhexyl Hydroxydimethoxy Benzylmalonate is an antioxidant.

Learn more about Bis-Ethylhexyl Hydroxydimethoxy Benzylmalonate
26
What it does: Masking, Skin Conditioning, Soothing
Community Rating: Loved

Bisabolol is pimarily used to add fragrance to a product. However, it is also famous for helping soothe skin.

Bisabolol comes from German chamomile essential oil. Synthetic Bisabolol has been shown to be less effective.

Bisabolol helps soothe skin. It does this by blocking the inflammatory signals, helping to reduce your body's reaction to irritation.

Bisabolol also interferes with the process of hyperpigmentation. This can help with reducing dark spots and uneven tone.

Bisabolol is an antioxidant. Antioxidants help fight free-radicals. Free-radicals are molecules that may damage your skin cells. By fighting these free-radicals, Bisabolol may slow down signs of aging.

Studies have shown Bisabolol to have antimicrobial properties and may be a fungicide. These properties help preserve a product's shelf life.

Bisabolol also helps the absorption of other ingredients.

Learn more about Bisabolol
27
What it does: Skin Conditioning

Cetearyl Methicone is a type of silicone.

Learn more about Cetearyl Methicone
28
What it does: Emollient, Skin Conditioning

We don't have a description for Hydrolyzed Elastin.

29
What it does: Skin Conditioning

Hamamelis Virginiana Extract comes from the witch hazel plant. The witch hazel plant is native to eastern North America. Many parts of this plant are used in skincare from its twigs to its leaves.

Witch Hazel is an astringent, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antibacterial ingredient.

Read more about witch hazel extract here

Learn more about Hamamelis Virginiana Bark/Leaf/Twig Extract
30
What it does: Humectant, Solvent
Community Rating: Very Disliked

We don't have a description for Peg-8.

31
What it does: Antimicrobial, Astringent, Masking, Solvent
Community Rating: Very Disliked

Alcohol comes in many different forms. Different types of alcohol will have different effects on skin. This ingredient is usually an astringent alcohol.

These alcohols are drying on the skin. They may strip away your skin's natural oils and even damage your skin barrier. Astringent alcohols may also irritate skin.

Other types of astringent alcohols include:

According to the National Rosacea Society based in the US, you should be mindful of products with these alcohols in the top half of ingredients.

Any type of sanitizing product will have high amounts of alcohol to help kill bacteria and viruses.

Fatty alcohols come from plant oils such as coconut oil. These can help hydrate the skin and are non-irritating. Some fatty alcohols include cetyl and stearyl alcohol.

Learn more about Alcohol
32
What it does: Emulsifying, Masking
Community Rating: Very Disliked

Triethanolamine is an emulsifier and pH adjuster. It is created using ethylene oxide and ammonia. This gives Triethanolamine a nitrogen core and a similar scent to ammonia.

Triethanolamine helps improve the texture of products. As an emulsifier, it prevents ingredients from separating. This can help elongate shelf life. It also adds volume and thickness to a product.

The pH of a product can affect the effectiveness of other ingredients. A product with a high pH may also irritate the skin. This is why Triethanolamine is used as a pH adjuster.

Learn more about Triethanolamine
33
What it does: Humectant, Masking, Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Liked

Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol. It is a hydrating and moisturizing agent within cosmetic products. Sorbitol is created from the reduction process of glucose. Redox is the gain of electrons of decrease of oxidation. Most sorbitol is usually made from potato starch. It is also found in fruits such as apples and pears.

As a humectant, Sorbitol helps draw water to the skin. This helps keep the skin hydrated. Sorbitol also helps create a thicker texture in products. You might find sorbitol in your toothpaste and other gels.

It is a non-irritating ingredient that is great for those with dry skin.

Sorbitol is a prebiotic. It helps promote the growth of healthy bacteria on your skin. The bacteria on your skin form a microbiome. This microbiome helps protect your skin from infection and harmful bacteria.

Learn more about Sorbitol
34
What it does: Emollient, Emulsifying, Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Mixed

Lecithin is a term for a group of substances found in plants, animals, and humans. They are made up of mixture of fatty acids. These fatty acids usually are a mixture of phosphoric acid's choline ester connected to stearic, oleic, and palmitic acids. Most lecithins are created from plant ingredients scuh as sunflower.

Lecithin is an emollient. Emollients help soften the skin and creates a barrier to keep moisture in.

As an emulsifier, it also helps prevent water and oil ingredients from separating. Lecithin can help ingredients be better absorbed by the skin. The phospholipids in Lecithin can produce liposomes. Liposomes help other ingredients get through the skin barrier.

Learn more about Lecithin
35
What it does: Moisturising, Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Liked

Collagen is the most abundant type of structural protein found in your body. In your skin, it is responsible for keeping it firm and youthful.

Your body uses collagen for a variety of tasks. These tasks include repairing and maintaning tissues, helping cells communicate, and helping your body’s immune system respond to attacks.

Collagen is comprised mostly of glycine, proline, and hydroxypoline. These are amino acids.

Collagen can be used in the morning or night. It will not increase sun sensitivity, but you should always wear sunscreen during the day.

Learn more about Collagen Amino Acids
36
What it does: Emulsion Stabilising

We don't have a description for Peg-7m.

37
What it does: Emulsion Stabilising, Gel Forming
Community Rating: Disliked

Carbomer is a polymer of acrylic acid. Its main role is to create gel consistency within products.

Carbomer is commonly found in many types of cosmetics products. It is found to be safe in concentrations up to 15%. However, a high amount of carbomer can cause pilling or balling up of products. Most products contain 1% of less of carbomer.

Learn more about Carbomer
38
What it does: Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Disliked

Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer is a silicone used to improve the texture of products and absorb oil. It does not get absorbed into the skin.

Like other silicones, Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer helps condition the skin by creating a barrier. In this sense, it can act as an emollient and trap moisture in.

Learn more about Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer
39
What it does: Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Loved

Phospholipids are naturally found in our skin as they are the main component of cell membranes. Phospholipids have humectant, emollient, antioxidant properties.

The phospholipids in our skin can be naturally depleted. Replenishing the phospholipids in our skin can help hydrate your skin. Due to their hygroscopic nature, they act as humectants and emollients. Humectants draw moisture from the air to your skin, while emollients help trap moisture in. This ingredient is non-occlusive.

Studies show phospholipids display antioxidant activity and may help with reducing the signs of aging.

Phospholipids are complex lipids that contain glycerin, two fatty acids, and a phosphate group. Some foods that contain phospholipids include soybeans and milk. The phospholipids found in soy come from Lecithin. This ingredient can also be synthetically created.

Some types of phospholipids:

Learn more about Phospholipids
40
What it does: Abrasive, Absorbent
Community Rating: Disliked

Silica is a mineral naturally found in our skin. It helps to thicken and smooth the texture of a product. It also acts as an agent for other ingredients by increasing the absorption of other ingredients into the skin.

Silica is often used for absorption and can help reduce shine when products are applied. Silica occurs in naturally in materials like clay and sandstone, and it can also be produced synthetically.

Silica is present naturally within the skin during collagen production and when reducing inflammation.

Learn more about Silica
41
What it does: Skin Conditioning

We don't have a description for Calluna Vulgaris Flower Extract.

42
What it does: Skin Conditioning

We don't have a description for Glycyrrhetinic Acid.

43
What it does: Humectant, Masking, Skin Conditioning, Solvent
Community Rating: Mixed

Butylene Glycol (or BG) is used within cosmetic products for a few different reasons:

  • It is a solvent, meaning that it helps to dissolve other ingredients. This also enhances the absorption of the product into one's skin.
  • It is a humectant, which means that it helps attract moisture into the skin.
  • It helps improve product application.

Overall, Butylene Glycol is a safe and well-rounded ingredient. It is unlikely to irritate skin, and works well with pretty much all other ingredients.

Learn more about Butylene Glycol
44
What it does:
Community Rating: Disliked

Tetrasodium EDTA is the salt formed from neutralizing ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid with sodium hydroxide. It is a chelating agent and used to prevent metal ions from binding to other ingredients. This helps keep the product and ingredients stable.

Tetrasodium EDTA comes as a white solid and is soluble in water.

Learn more about Tetrasodium EDTA
45
What it does: Skin Conditioning

We don't have a description for Hydrolyzed Rice Protein.

46
What it does:
Community Rating: Disliked

Disodium EDTA plays a role in making products more stable by aiding other preservatives. It is a chelating agent, meaning it neutralizes metal ions that may be found in a product.

Disodium EDTA is a salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and are found to be safe in cosmetic ingredients.

Learn more about Disodium EDTA
47
What it does: Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, Astringent, Emollient, Humectant, Masking, Skin Conditioning, Skin Protecting, Tonic, UV Absorber
Community Rating: Loved

Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract is from the oil in tea tree leaves. The kind of tea you can drink also comes from this tree.

Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract has many benefits. It contains polyphenols, a strong antioxidant. Antioxidants help fight off free-radical molecules that damage skin cells. The antioxidants in green tea neutralize free-radicals from the sun. This gives the skin some extra UV protection, but should not replace sunscreen.

Many components of tea have anti-inflammatory properties. Polyphenols and L-theanine help soothe the skin and reduce irritation. L-theanine is an amino acid that makes up most of the amino acids found in tea leaves. The caffeine in Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract helps calm inflamed blood vessels.

Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract also contains Vitamin Bs, linoleic acid, magnesium, calcium, iron, and zinc.

Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract also has antimicrobial properties.

Research has shown both drinking Camellia Sinensis Leaf Tea and applying it to the skin can help boost skin elasticity and hydration. Studies also show using tea extract may reduce sebum, or oil, production.

Learn more about Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract
48
What it does: Emulsion Stabilising

Pvp is a water-soluble synthetic polymer and common hairstyling ingredient. It is a film-forming ingredient and used to "hold" specific shapes of hair.

Pvp is less effective in high-humidity. It tends to draw moisture, but this moisture dismantles the film.

Learn more about Pvp
49
What it does: Preservative
Community Rating: Disliked

Phenoxyethanol is a preservative that has germicide, antimicrobial, and aromatic properties. Studies show that phenoxyethanol can prevent germ and microbial growth. By itself, it has a scent that is similar to that of a rose.

It's often used in formulations along with Caprylyl Glycol to preserve the shelf life of products.

Learn more about Phenoxyethanol
50
What it does: Emollient, Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Liked

Cucumis Sativus Fruit Extract comes from the cucumber. Cucumis Sativus is native to South Asia and can now be found on every continent.

Cucumbers are mostly made up of water (95%), and the other 5% is composed of: vitamin C, caffeic acid, fatty acids, amino acids, and other minerals.

Cucumbers have anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, and hydrating properties.

Vitamin C and Caffeic acid are potent antioxidants that may help with anti-aging. Antioxidants help neutralize free-radical molecules, or unstable molecules that may damage our skin cells and DNA.

Cucumbers contain shikimate dehydrigenase, an enzyme shown to help reduce inflammation and soothe the skin. The amino acids help nourish our skin's natural acid mantle. Our acid mantle is formed from the mixing of sebum and sweat. This slightly acidic film acts as a barrier to protect us from bacteria, viruses, and other contaminants.

Unless you have an allergy to cucumbers, it is generally a non-irritating ingredient.

Learn more about Cucumis Sativus Fruit Extract
51
What it does: Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Loved

Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract comes from the leaves of the Ginkgo tree. This tree is native to China and has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years.

Ginkgo Biloba has soothing and antioxidant properties. It contains flavonoids and terpenoids, potent antioxidants. Antioxidants may protect your skin from damage caused by external sources such as pollution.

Its soothing ability comes from a variety of compounds including biflavones, a type of flavonoid. Studies show gingko biloba has strong anti-inflammatory properties.

Learn more about Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract
52
What it does: Astringent, Refreshing, Skin Conditioning, Soothing, Stabilising, Tonic

We don't have a description for Ruscus Aculeatus Root Extract.

53
What it does: Antimicrobial, Preservative
Community Rating: Mixed

Chlorphenesin is a synthetic preservative. It helps protect a product against bacteria in order to extend shelf life. In most cases, Chlorphenesin is paired with other preservatives such as phenoxyethanol and caprylyl glycol.

Chlorphenesin is a biocide. This means it is able to help fight the microorganisms on our skin. It is also able to fight odor-releasing bacteria.

Chlorphenesin is soluble in both water and glycerin.

Studies show Chlorphenesin is easily absorbed by our skin. You should speak with a skincare professional if you have concerns about using Chlorphenesin.

Learn more about Chlorphenesin
54
What it does: Preservative
Community Rating: Very Disliked

Methylisothiazolinone is a preservative. It can cause irritation and worsen eczema.

Learn more about Methylisothiazolinone
55
What it does: Humectant, Moisturising, Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Loved

Hyaluronic acid is naturally found in healthy skin. It is a humectant, meaning it draws moisture to your skin. Hyaluronic Acid has the capacity to bind to large amounts of water.

Hyaluronic acid helps hydrate, soothe, and protect the skin. It is already naturally found in our bodies, such as the fluids of our eyes and our joints.

Other characteristics of hyaluronic acid include anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial. Studies show hyaluronic acid helps speed up wound-healing due to these traits.

These are some other common types of Hyaluronic Acid:

Learn more about Hyaluronic Acid
56
What it does:

We don't have a description for Polyquaternium-24.

57
What it does: Skin Conditioning

We don't have a description for Ilex Aquifolium Leaf Extract.

58
What it does: Skin Conditioning

We don't have a description for Sodium Oleanolate.

59
What it does: Skin Conditioning

We don't have a description for Sodium Ursolate.

60
What it does: Antioxidant, Masking
Community Rating: Mixed

Ascorbyl Palmitate is created by combining pure Vitamin C and palmitic acid. It is an antioxidant and helps reduce hyperpigmentation.

Antioxidants help fight free-radical molecules, or molecules that may break down skin cells. Antioxdants help reduce signs of aging.

Ascorbyl Palmitate is a stable version of Vitamin C, meaning it does not disintegrate when exposed to sunlight. However, studies show it does not penetrate skin as well as pure Vitamin C.

Read more about other types of Vitamin C:

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61
What it does: Antimicrobial, Astringent, Skin Conditioning, Soothing, Tonic

We don't have a description for Euphrasia Officinalis Extract.

62
What it does: Moisturising, Skin Conditioning, Soothing, Tonic

We don't have a description for Echinacea Angustifolia Extract.

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What it does: Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Mixed

Retinyl Palmitate is a form of retinoid. It is created from palmitic acid and retinol.

Retinyl Palmitate has antioxidant and exfoliating properties. Like other types of retinols, Retinyl Palmitate increases cell turnover. Removing dead skin cells and encouraging the growth of new ones improves skin tone and unclogs pores. This in turn promotes brighter looking skin and even skin texture.

As an antioxidant, Retinyl Palmitate helps neutralize free-radical molecules. These molecules have the potential to damage skin cells. Thus, antioxidants may help with anti-aging.

Retinyl Palmitate can be good for be good for oily skin by helping to unclog pores. However, it may not be good for dry skin and fungal acne. We recommend speaking with a professional if you have concerns about using this ingredient.

After using this product, you should follow up with SPF.

This ingredient is often added to low-fat milk to increase the levels of Vitamin A.

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64
What it does: Preservative
Community Rating: Disliked

Diazolidinyl Urea is a preservative. It can worsen eczema.

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65
What it does: Preservative

Imidazolidinyl Urea is a preservative and isn't fungal acne safe. It can worsen eczema.

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66
What it does: Cosmetic Colorant

Ci 19140 is also known as Tartrazine. Tartrazine is a synthetic dye used in cosmetics, foods, and medicine to add a yellow color.

Tartrazine is created from petroleum and is water-soluble.

Some people may experience allergies from this dye, especially asthmatics and those with an aspirin intolerance.

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67
What it does: Skin Conditioning
Community Rating: Loved

Palmitoyl Hexapeptide-12 is a peptide.

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68
What it does: Preservative
Community Rating: Very Disliked

Methylparaben is a preservative and is a paraben. It is used to prevent the growth of fungus, mold, and other harmful bacteria. Parabens are chemicals used as preservatives in both cosmetics and food.

Methylparaben can be synthetically created. It can also be found naturally in some fruits, such as blueberries.

Oftentimes, Methylparaben is combined with other parabens to help increase the shelf life.

The safety of Methylparaben is currently being studied. While ongoing studies are looking into the safety of parabens, the results have been very mixed. Some studies have not found Methylparaben to be harmful.

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What it does: Cosmetic Colorant

We don't have a description for Ci 14700.

Embed Ingredients

Here's what our community thinks of the 69 ingredients in this product ✨

19% are loved or liked
9% have mixed ratings
30% are disliked or very disliked
42% have no rating yet

Usage

Here's some more info on how this product is used by our community.

Directions

Apply to cleansed and toned skin prior to sun exposure.

Compared With

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